Pope Benedict XVI to resign on February 28

VATICAN - The Vatican has confirmed that the pope is resigning, and he is the first pontiff to do so in almost 600 years, the Associated Press reports.

Pope Benedict XVI, who is 85-years-old, made the announcement in Latin during a Vatican Cardinals meeting that he is set to leave his position February 28.

Reuters is reporting that he is leaving the position because of his advanced age and he is resigning in full freedom.

The pope, who leads more than one billion Catholics around the world, said the position requires "strength of mind and body."

A conclave is expected to elect a new pope before the end of March.

The following is a text statement of the Pope's declaration:

" Dear Brothers,
I have convoked you to this Consistory, not only for the three canonizations, but also to communicate to you a decision of great importance for the life of the Church. After having repeatedly examined my conscience before God, I have come to the certainty that my strengths, due to an advanced age, are no longer suited to an adequate exercise of the Petrine ministry.

 I am well aware that this ministry, due to its essential spiritual nature, must be carried out not only with words and deeds, but no less with prayer and suffering. However, in today's world, subject to so many rapid changes and shaken by questions of deep relevance for the life of faith, in order to govern the bark of Saint Peter and proclaim the Gospel, both strength of mind and body are necessary, strength which in the last few months, has deteriorated in me to the extent that I have had to recognize my incapacity to adequately fulfill the ministry entrusted to me.

For this reason, and well aware of the seriousness of this act, with full freedom I declare that I renounce the ministry of Bishop of Rome, Successor of Saint Peter, entrusted to me by the Cardinals on 19 April 2005, in such a way, that as from 28 February 2013, at 20:00 hours, the See of Rome, the See of Saint Peter, will be vacant and a Conclave to elect the new Supreme Pontiff will have to be convoked by those whose competence it is.

Dear Brothers, I thank you most sincerely for all the love and work with which you have supported me in my ministry and I ask pardon for all my defects. And now, let us entrust the Holy Church to the care of Our Supreme Pastor, Our Lord Jesus Christ, and implore his holy Mother Mary, so that she may assist the Cardinal Fathers with her maternal solicitude, in electing a new Supreme Pontiff. With regard to myself, I wish to also devotedly serve the Holy Church of God in the future through a life dedicated to prayer.
From the Vatican, 10 February 2013 "

Pope Benedict XVI, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger was born at Marktl am Inn, Diocese of Passau in Germany on April 16, 1927.

He grew up as preparations for World War I were underway and as the Nazi regime was gaining power.

He was elected at the age of 78, making him the oldest person to be elected pope since the 1730.

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