Britain celebrates monarchy as Kate, William wed

LONDON - Prince William and Kate Middleton got their first royal wedding present from the queen on Friday: the titles Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.

Buckingham Palace said William is now His Royal Highness The Duke of Cambridge, and that Miss Catherine Middleton is now Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge.

Click here for live coverage.  Click the video player above to see a replay of the ceremony.

There's more: The palace statement said William was also named the Earl of Strathearn and Baron Carrickfergus. Middleton took those titles when she said "I will," becoming Countess of Strathearn and Baroness Carrickfergus.

Strathearn ties William and Middleton to Scotland, where the pair met and fell in love. Baron Carrickfergus is a little-used title which refers to one of the oldest towns in Northern Ireland.

All three titles were bestowed by William's grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II, to mark the prince's marriage and were announced early Friday via Twitter, by email and on the royal wedding's official website.

Because Middleton was not born royalty, she will not officially become Princess Catherine -- although the public may choose to call her that, or even "Princess Kate," in defiance of protocol.

Royal watchers called the bestowal of the title Duke of Cambridge a personal mark of esteem from the queen. It refers to the history-steeped university town that is a symbol of British prestige. The dukedom's history stretches back to Medieval times and has for 300 years been associated with royalty.

Jennie Bond, one of the U.K.'s foremost experts on the monarchy -- and a royal wedding consultant for The Associated Press -- said there was a hint that William was going to get the title.

"The queen went to visit Cambridge the day before yesterday so a lot of people thought that was how it was going to be," she said.

Bond called the title "a personal gift from the queen, a mark of her esteem for her grandson."

Barons, viscounts, earls, marquesses and dukes are all orders of British nobility, in ascending order of prestige. The titles can be created and become extinct, for example when a duke or earl ascends to the throne or when he dies without leaving legitimate heirs.

In 1706, George Augustus -- who subsequently became King George II -- was made the Duke of Cambridge. The dukedom ceased when he ascended to the throne in 1727, but was recreated in 1801.

Although a venerable title, it does not necessarily have terribly pleasant history.

The second Duke of Cambridge, Prince Adolphus Frederick, was the seventh son of King George III. Defying the Royal Marriage Act, he married his mistress, Sarah Louisa Fairbrother, an actress and a commoner, in 1847. Since the marriage wasn't legal, his children were all illegitimate, and the dukedom became extinct on his death, in 1904.

Americans swept up in royal fever woke long before dawn Friday to eat full English breakfasts and attend British-themed parties across four time zones as they watched Prince William marry longtime sweetheart Kate Middleton.

The parties began as early as 4 a.m. on the East Coast, an hour before the wedding started across the pond in London.

Restaurants and bars from coast to coast hung Union Jack bunting and hosted gatherings to watch the wedding on live TV, complete with royally named cocktails, including "The Windsor Knot" and "The Bitter Queen." Large events also took place include a live viewing party in New York's Times Square.

A big cheer went up at Walt Disney World's party in Orlando when Middleton emerged from her limousine and took her father's arm. Hundreds of guests were invited to wear prince and princess attire and watch in the park's Wedding Pavilion.

Angela Vanderjagt, 46, of Orlando, came in her silk pajamas and remembered watching Prince Charles and Diana get married in 1981.

"Diana would be thinking how proud she is of her son and how well he turned out, even with all the pressure," she said of Prince William's mother, who was killed in a car crash in Paris in 1997. "Unlike her, I think he's marrying for love. They're both marrying for love."

Americans also gathered in private homes as royal watchers hosted their own get-togethers with scones and cucumber sandwiches.

In Indianapolis, Jen Barnette, 24, had her girlfriends over for a "Kate-tail" party and sleepover. The living room was set up as if for a wedding, with rows of chairs -- lined up in front of the TV -- and a runner-lined aisle. The guests wore Will and Kate t-shirts.

"I made mock invitations that look just like the royal invites," Barnette said. "They all get a copy-Kate ring. We've even got Kate-tails, sapphire blue with sugar rims."

Michelle Ertel asked her husband to wear his tuxedo and act as a butler for about two dozen members of her women's club in Oviedo, Fla. Two large-screen televisions showed the wedding and Ertel, a 43-year-old communications consultant, asked her guests to each donate a special occasion dress for charity.


royal wedding was a chance to see the kind of life few in America are familiar with, said Ertel, the mother of two teenagers. When Middleton got out of her limo and revealed her dress, guests started cheering, she said.

"We all just got goose bumps," Ertel said. "Her dress was simple and beautiful. It was amazing and she did not look nervous."

The wedding may be a bit surreal for another Kate Middleton. The 35-year-old a stay-at-home mother of a 16-month-old daughter in Milton, Mass. said she will watch the wedding, but not in the early morning. She said she has saved some of the magazines that say "Kate Middleton, a perfect princess."

"Who wouldn't want that?" Middleton said. "When I went to get a haircut, they were all excited when I walked in. When I went to Gymboree, also the same thing. They were like `Oh are you Kate Middleton?"'

Other royal fans watched from the pews of Trinity Church in Lower Manhattan, with its centuries-old ties to the Church of England. A jumbo screen at the altar carried a live broadcast of the wedding along with costumed Beefeaters.

Michelle Fedder, 45, of Manhattan, wore a large, black hat with silver and black organza twisted around the rim like a ribbon.

"I want to see the vows and the dress, of course, of course," Fedder said.

Parties will be going on throughout the day -- from early-morning breakfasts to afternoon teas and evening dinners -- at American restaurants and bars, said Nina Zagat, co-founder and co-chairwoman of the Zagat restaurant guides.

"Restaurants everywhere seem to be doing something," Zagat said. "It is going all the way across the country. Everybody is taken with the idea of the royal wedding."

AGAINN Tavern in Washington D.C. will be selling slices of cake similar to those the royals will be eating: chocolate biscuit cake -- Prince William's favorite -- and a traditional royal wedding cake made with fruitcake. Customers who bring a teapot will receive a free appetizer or dessert. Wedding bunting and Union Jack flags will decorate The Globe Pub in Chicago, where classic British fare including fish and chips and full English breakfasts are on the menu.

For other Americans, the royal wedding is not only a time for celebration, but also contemplation. Dozens of members of Chicago's Episcopal Church of Our Saviour will gather early Friday in the parish hall to watch what they consider a major event in the Anglican religion.

"It's part of the culture that we've grown up with," said parishioner Roger Gumm. "This is how our church runs. This is all history in the making."




Associated Press writers Mitch Stacy in Orlando, Fla., Hasan Dudar in Indianapolis and Ula Ilnytzky in New York contributed to this report.

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