The science of twerking: A breakdown of the complex, technical twerk movements

In recent months, the "twerking" dance style has climbed its way up the pop culture ladder as demonstrated via Miley Cyrus' 2013 MTV Music Awards performance. ( )

But for many, the question remains, what exactly is twerking? What makes a twerk, a twerk?

Well ABC News decided to call in the big guns to provide clarification for those of us who weren't in the know.  ( )

Michelle Olson, a Ph.D. researcher and professor of exercise science at Auburn University, says twerking is a combo of deep squatting, tilting the pelvis and pulsing.

"You take a wide stance with your legs turned out at 10 and 2 so your hips are externally rotated…then you pulse up and down as you thrust the pelvis forward and back," Olson told ABC News.

In addition to being a trendy dance, she says it's also a great work out for the butt, thighs, deep muscles of the hips, core muscles of the lower back and abdominals.

But twerkers beware---too much twerking can throw out the lower back or make the knees creak.

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